How to plant and produce rubber
Tree leachate is obtained in a process called leachate , the new one that comes out of the tree is called “Nursery Leachate”. Considering that ,the cost of leachate and leachate collection is more than half of the rubber produced , dedicates itself, getting the maximum amount of leachate at each turn of the operation leachate is of particular importance, propagation of these trees is done by grafting method and trees that are directly Or indirectly arising from a mother tree are called “clones”, in general, each clone has certain properties and characteristics, a tree It may have more leachate, but in the face of wind hazards, it has low resistance as well as other differences such as differences in location and conditions Different climates may also exist between them. The main problem in the leachate process is to get the maximum amount of leachate with the minimum effort and minimal damage to the tree.
Initially, there was little information on how to leach these trees , this information is limited to creating sloping crevices in the bark and catching leachate they were, but the amount of leachate obtained was small and the damage to the tree was small was significantly higher. In new methods for leachate a series of precise cuts to Zigzag mode was created in the bark of the tree , indeed at that time information about the growth rate of the new shell was too slow to repair the incision the best balance between intensity and amount of leachate, shell regeneration and growth and tree health required years of experience, this method is almost the same as today is used.
With the difference that the zigzag design is no longer used and instead it creates a single cut on half of the tree perimeter, however, the use of any type of leachate system will delay the tree and existing systems are not far from this negative impact. delete a layer thinning of the bark without damaging the tree, leachate rate, bark deterioration and affects the quality of the new shell , if the leachate operation is done at a shallow depth, it will reduce the amount of leachate the maximum amount of leachate is obtained from a cut of up to one millimeter of “cambium”, if the cut penetrates the cambium, it will injure the tree and that is it , it causes the new shell to swell, making leachate more difficult next is the tree leachate is available in tall pipes.
These pipes to are placed vertically and slightly sloping about the tree so far leachate is not leaked, leachate in the pipes contains 60% rubber and with the first leachate, only a small amount of leachate flows, by continuing to operate leachate the leachate becomes thinner and the flow rate increases the typical concentration of leachate in a regular leachate operation is about 30 to 40 percentage of dry rubber, leachate operation is performed early in the morning and depending on local facilities and conditions , this operation can be done for 200 to 300 trees and it is possible from each tree two or more balloons can be obtained, the procedure is as follows: first, the dried leachate at the site of the initial incision the tree is uprooted and kept in a special place.
Then cup-shaped container collect leachate and place it in the appropriate place and make a groove in the bark the same thing is done with other trees, respectively, naturally, the leachate obtained tends to coagulate before reaching the plant, and this the action is performed by bacteria and coagulation enzymes. Pre-coagulation of leachate found to be used to make lower quality rubbers such as brown crepes that is why we should try to prevent this phenomenon from happening as much as possible to be. The primary cause of leachate coagulation is that enzymes remove fatty acids from phospholipids , separate the rubber particles and form these acids into calcium and magnesium soaps. They cause leachate to coagulate, to prevent leachate coagulation, usually from ammonia (about 1% based on leachate weight), sodium sulfite (about 5%) and formaldehyde (about 2%) is used. The last item is usually in small quantities sodium carbonate is used