What’s Malaysian rubber rule in market ?

What’s Malaysian rubber rule in market ?

Malaysian rubber

As of 2019, Malaysia is the sixth largest producer and exporter of Natural Rubber (NR) the leader in the production and export of rubber products, the largest consumer of natural rubber and the world’s largest rubber gloves producer, with annual rubber gloves exports worth US$7.3 billion (RM29.8 billion) in 2020. The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in positive impact for the rubber industry as most countries import tons of rubber gloves. The rubber industry’s annual growth was 12% more than that of the previous year.[when?][citation needed] On the other hand, top glove factories say that an outbreak at their facilities on 25 November 2020 had negatively affected their trade. Malaysia contributes to 46 percent of total rubber production in the world and produces about 1-5 million tons of rubber annually. The production of rubber has declined from the 1990s, when it used to be 615,222 tones. Rubber manufacturers in Malaysia include local smallholders, plantations, multinationals and joint ventures with the United States, Europe, and Japan. Malaysia has a total rubber area of 1.07 million hectares, out of which 7.21 percent is owned by plantation companies. Ninety percent of production is accounted by smallholders who generally hold less than 40 acres of agricultural land. These statistics remain a major concern for the industry as these smallholders tend to move to other economic activities when the rubber price goes down. Malaysia contributes to 46 percent of total rubber production in the world and produces about 1-5 million tons of rubber annually. The production of rubber has declined from the 1990s, when it used to be 615,222 tones . Malaysian rubber is a classified as natural and organic rubber from Malaysia . Malaysian rubber is a good choice in harsh weather condition, such as rain, snow, and high temperature. 

Natural rubber

Natural rubber (English: Natural rubber), which is also called India rubber (English: India rubber) or caoutchou (English: caoutchouc), at the beginning of production, is composed of polymers of the organic compound isoprene with minor impurities of other organic compounds along with water. . Malaysia and Indonesia are two leading countries in rubber production. Various forms of polyisoprene or synthetic rubber that are used as natural rubber are classified as elastomers. Today, rubber has become an important economic and strategic material. In the United States, the per capita consumption of rubber is approximately 16.8 and in India only 0.22. The transportation, chemical, electrical and electronics industries, as well as the aerospace industry, are all major consumers of rubber. 

Industry and natural rubber

The rubber industry includes the following. Production of raw materials for synthetic rubber, various types of rubber, import of natural rubber, production of rubber additives and finally manufacture of rubber products. At the beginning of World War II, when the production of natural rubber (caoutcho) was stopped due to the Japanese invasion of rubber production areas The United States began to build synthetic rubber production units, which developed rapidly. Currently, 88% of the rubber used in the United States is of synthetic origin; Therefore, tires were generally classified into two types: natural rubber and synthetic rubber. Today, tires are classified in different ways. Numerous plants, including dandelion, goyle, ruby, and American mulberry, were proposed as a source of rubber; But none of them has been successful with the Huabrasilensis sap tree, as well as saporilla gum and balata tree. Natural rubber was produced mainly in plantations in Malaysia, Indonesia, Liberia, and neighboring countries, probably because they did not have the problems of fungal diseases and insects that threatened native cultivars in the Americas. It takes about 7 years for these trees to reach the reproductive age and after that they bear fruit for several years. Fruit yield increased during the Second World War and now, from the discovery of improved varieties of trees, more than 3000 kg per hectare (per year) can be obtained.

Natural rubber structure

Natural rubber or caoutchouc is cis-1,4-polyisoprene and its molecules are crystallized due to stretching, thus a desirable form of reinforcement is obtained. As a structural prerequisite, natural and synthetic rubber molecules must be long. The characteristic property of reversible elongation is due to the random and coiled arrangement of long chains. As a result of tension, the chains get tangled, but like a metal, after releasing the tension, they return to their coiled shape. Natural rubber has 6-8% non-plastic materials and shows great resistance to heat generation.

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